Many varieties of ficus plants are grown as Indoor & Outdoor Plant
The genius Ficus contains more than 800 species, which includes fig-bearing trees and houseplants. Weeping fig (Ficus benjamina) is one of the most common houseplant trees sold in nurseries and garden centers. Other varieties include India rubber trees (Ficus elastica) and fiddleleaf figs (Ficus lyrata). Ficus plants are propagated through seeds, tissue cultures, stem cuttings and air layering.
Ficus seeds are not easy to find unless you live in a tropical area. Ficus houseplants normally do not produce fertile seeds. Most varieties must be fertilized by parasitic fig wasps. The tiny seeds are placed on moist sphagnum moss and kept moist until germination. Seed propagation is mainly used for new hybrid varieties.
Cutting plugs of tissue culture produces bushy ficus plants. The plugs contain several erect ficus stems. This process creates a large amount of new plants for commercial use and is done in a sterile lab, which protects the new plants from the spread of the mosaic virus.
Taking stem cuttings is the common method to propagate the vine and shrub varieties. Cuttings with green growth at the tips and woody bases are used. Small plants are grown from the cuttings, each with a new root system. Place the cuttings into good-draining potting soil and cover with clear plastic, which creates a greenhouse. Ficus stem cuttings can also grow roots in a vase of water.
Air layering produces a large plant quicker than any of the other methods. This process is used on the ornamental ficus and larger tree types. The new plant develops while still attached to the mother tree. A wound around a branch is made, and moist sphagnum moss is packed around the wound. It takes around 90 to 120 days for roots to form, and the entire branch is removed as a new ficus plant.