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Top Ornamental Grasses

Feather Reedgrass

The most popular ornamental grass, feather reedgrass offers a distinct upright habit that looks fantastic all winter long. Like many grasses, this tough plant tolerates a wide range of conditions.

Name: Calamagrostis ‘Karl Foerster’

Growing Conditions: Full sun and well-drained soil

Size: To 6 feet tall

Plant This Grass Because: It has a nice architectural shape.

feather reed grass

  • Fountaingrass

    A beautiful, mounding plant, fountaingrass offers a beautiful shape — as well as soft, feathery plumes that dance in the breeze.

    Name: Pennisetum alopecuroides

    Growing Conditions: Full sun and well-drained soil

    Size: To 5 feet tall

    Plant This Grass Because: It offers a graceful, arching shape and beautiful plumes.

    fountain grass

Little Bluestem

A lovely, tough-as-nails prairie native, little bluestem offers gray-green leaf blades that turn bold shades of purple, red, and orange in autumn.

Name: Schizachyrium scoparium

Growing Conditions: Full sun and well-drained soil

Size: To 3 feet tall

Plant This Grass Because: It has beautiful blue coloring in summer and good fall color.

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Switch grass

One of our favorite grasses, switchgrass offers airy plumes in late summer and fall. It looks great during the season, too: Many varieties (such as ‘Dallas Blues’) offer blue-gray foliage during the season and turn brilliant shades of gold or red in autumn.

Name: Panicum virgatum

Growing Conditions: Full sun or part shade and well-drained soil

Size: To 5 feet tall

Plant This Grass Because: It’s good for wildlife, has beautiful fall color, and tolerates partial shade.

Panicum-virgatum

Blue Oatgrass

It’s tough to beat blue oatgrass for a low-care plant with steel-blue color. It also has a wonderful mounded habit and won’t spread and take over your garden.

Name: Helictotrichon sempervirens

Growing Conditions: Full sun and well-drained soil

Size: To 4 feet tall

Plant This Grass Because: It has beautiful silvery-blue color.

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  • Purple Millet

    This incredibly tough annual grass offers fantastic burgundy foliage and rich purple foliage that look like fuzzy cattails. The plants are beautiful and attract birds.

    Name: Pennisetum glaucum

    Growing Conditions: Full sun or part shade and well-drained soil

    Size: To 5 feet tall

    Plant This Grass Because: It has rich purple foliage.

    pennisetumglaucumpurplemajesty_vs_1_lg   

  • Cordgrass

    An underutilized selection, cordgrass is a spreading prairie grass that thrives in moist or wet soils. As such, it’s a good choice for growing along the side of a pond or stream.

    Name: Spartina pectinata

    Growing Conditions: Full sun and moist soil

    Size: To 7 feet tall

    Plant This Grass Because: It doesn’t mind moist, or even wet, soils.

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Japanese Forestgrass

One of our favorite low-growing species, this gorgeous plant offers a perfect mounding habit. Variegated selections (such as ‘Aureola’ or ‘All Gold’) bear brightly colored foliage that light up shady corners.

Name: Hakonechloa macra ‘Aureola’

Growing Conditions: Part shade and well-drained soil

Size: To 1 foot tall

Plant This Grass Because: It adds bright color to shade gardens.

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Maidengrass

One of the most common grasses, maidengrass is big, beautiful, and easy to grow. It offers narrow, arching foliage (many selections are variegated; look for them to add more color to your landscape) and silvery plumes that are enchanting when the light catches them just right.

Name: Miscanthus sinensis

Growing Conditions: Full sun and moist, well-drained soil

Size: To 8 feet tall

Plant This Grass Because: It has pretty plumes and a graceful arching habit.

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Fiber Opticgrass

An unusual tender perennial often grown as an annual, fiber opticgrass has a fine texture and low, mounding habit perfect for containergardens.

Name: Isolepis cernua

Growing Conditions: Full sun or part shade and moist soil

Size: To 6 inches tall

Plant This Grass Because: It fits in small spaces and has an unusual appearance.

isolepis cernua 

 

Ravennagrass

A massive, fast-growing perennial, ravennagrass sends up towering, silvery plumes that can top 10 feet. It makes a strong statement in the autumn landscape.

Name: Saccharum ravennae

Growing Conditions: Full sun and well-drained soil

Size: To 12 feet tall

Plant This Grass Because: It’s tall and has beautiful plumes.

Ravenna-Grass-Saccharum-ravennae      

  • Purple Fountaingrass

    A favorite of gardeners everywhere because of its burgundy-red foliage all season long, this tender perennial is often used in container gardens.

    Name: Pennisetum setaceum ‘Purpureum’

    Growing Conditions: Full sun and well-drained soil

    Size: To 3 feet tall

    Plant This Grass Because: It offers rich, deep purple color.

    Purple-Fountain-Grass

Northern Sea Oats

This fast-spreading species is loved for its interesting seed heads, which hang off the stems and look like wind chimes. Note: It is a fast spreader, so plant with care.

Name: Chasmanthium latifolium

Growing Conditions: Full sun or part shade and well-drained soil

Size: To 3 feet tall

Plant This Grass Because: Its seed heads are great in fall.

Chasmanthium_latifolium_BroadLeafWoodOat

Zebragrass

We love zebragrass because of its bold color: Each leaf blade features a series of bright yellow bands. The plant really stands out in the landscape! Zebragrass also has a nice upright habit that looks great in the perennial border.

Name: Miscanthus sinensis ‘Strictus’

Growing Conditions: Full sun and moist, well-drained soil

Size: To 5 feet tall

Plant This Grass Because: It has boldly colored foliage.

zebragrass

Purple Moorgrass

Purple moorgrass offers delightful mounding foliage that turns brilliant gold in autumn. It’s a nice choice for partially shaded gardens.

Name: Molinia caerulea

Growing Conditions: Full sun or part shade and moist soil

Size: To 5 feet tall

Plant This Grass Because: It has a bold shape, good fall color, and tolerates part shade.

Purple Moorgrass

Hairgrass

Hairgrass is an evergreen (depending on climate) grass with airy plumes in shades of golden, silver, purple, and green. The plant has an attractive mounding habit, as well.

Name: Deschampsia cespitosa

Growing Conditions: Full sun to part shade and moist, well-drained soil

Size: To 6 feet tall

Plant This Grass Because: It doesn’t mind part shade or consistently moist soil.

Ruwe_smele_bloeiend_Deschampsia_cespitosa

Blue Fescue

A short grass perfect for edging or as a groundcover, blue fescue offers powder-blue foliage on tidy, dwarf mounds.

Name: Festuca glauca

Growing Conditions: Full sun or part shade and well-drained soil

Size: To 1 foot tall

Plant This Grass Because: It has beautiful silvery-blue color and a small size that fits nearly anywhere.

 

Blue Fescue

Dwarf Pampasgrass

Growing just 4-5 feet tall, dwarf pampasgrass develops showy white flower plumes in the late summer and fall. Use it in the back of the border where you can enjoy the flower heads all winter long. Like standard pampasgrass, the dwarf variety can become invasive, so plant it where its roots can’t spread. It is deer- and drought-resistant and tolerates almost any soil type.

Name: Cortaderia selloana ‘Pumila’

Growing Conditions: Full sun

Size: 5 feet tall

Plant This Grass Because: It provides winter interest.

Dwarf Pampasgrass    

Liriope

Also called monkey grass or lilyturf, liriope is prized for its pretty mounding, grasslike foliage. An excellent ground cover, liriope thrives in sun or shade and does a great job preventing erosion on steep slopes. As a bonus, the plant sends up spikes of lavender, purple, or white flowers in late summer followed by bluish black, berrylike fruits. Variegated varieties are also available. Liriope is not a true grass but a member of the lily family.

Name: Liriope spicata

Growing Conditions: Full sun to shade

Size: 9-15 inches

Plant This Grass Because: It makes a great groundcover.

Liriope spicata

  • Rush

    Thriving in wet, poorly drained soils, rush produces richly colored, grasslike foliage that looks terrific all summer long. This super easy plant will even thrive when planted in shallow water. It will also grow well in containers mixed with other moisture-lovers, such as elephant’s ear and canna lily. One of our favorites is ‘Twister’ a variety with interesting, bright green, curled foliage.

    Name: Juncus effusus

    Growing Conditions: Full sun

    Size: 18-24 inches tall

    Plant This Grass Because: It tolerates wet soil.

    Juncus_effuses

 Big Bluestem

Native to the American prairie, Big Bluestem is a tall, handsome grass that adapts easily to any landscape. In the spring, the foliage of Big Bluestem starts out blue-green, gradually turning green with hints of red and finally changing to reddish bronze in the fall. The plants grow well in moist or dry soils. This grass can be slow to take hold but will eventually form large, upright clumps.

Name: Andropogon gerardii

Growing Conditions: Sun

Size: 4-8 feet tall

Plant This Grass Because: It looks great in all seasons.

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